Periodontology is the specialty of dentistry which inculcates the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes, such as dental implants.
Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease. When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to ‘periodontitis’. If not treated, the periodontal tissues are destroyed and eventually lead to tooth loss. The ultimate goal of periodontal treatment is to increase the lifetime of the tooth.
The selection of treatment for periodontal diseases depends on the extent of the periodontal disease. Scaling means scraping off the plaque and calculus from above and below the gingival margin. Root planing helps in reattachment of the periodontal tissues by getting rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the microorganisms gather. Surgeries like flap surgery might be necessary if inflammation and deep pockets remain following non surgical periodontal treatment. In addition, use of bone or soft tissue grafts is a way to replace or regenerate bone or periodntal tissues destroyed by periodontitis. Upcoming technologies like, Waterlase Dentistry uses combined laser energy and a spray of water, a process called Hydro photonics, to perform a wide range of dental procedures on teeth, gingiva and bone more comfortably.
Students are mainly taught skills to diagnose periodontal diseases and to perform the basic periodontal treatment procedures like scaling & root planing (debridement), curettage and splinting.
Surgical procedures like periodontal flap surgery, regenerative procedures, periodontal plastic and aesthetic surgeries are carried out by highly qualified staff members of the department. Students also take active part in such surgical procedures.
Department is equipped with modern surgical equipments like Electrocautery and Laser